Types of Pain
Injury to Ligaments
When the ACL (anterior cruciate ligament) is torn, it is often because the foot stays planted on the ground and the leg rotates. When this happens there is no longer support of the knee, and it’s no longer able to bear weight. Sometimes with an ACL tear there will also be a loud popping sound.
A medial collateral ligament often this injury takes place when the knee receives hard impact from the outside of the knee.
A posterior cruciate injury happens when the knee is hit and forced backwards.
A lateral collateral ligament injury most commonly occurs when the knee experiences blunt force trauma from the inside.
Inflamed tendons (knee tendonitis) between the knee cap and the shin bone can cause knee pain as well.
Knee cap pain
This type of pain seems to be most noticeable when going up and down stairs, running or in a sitting position.
Pain from a torn meniscus
The meniscus is the cartilage that acts as a buffer; it keeps the thigh bone (femur) and the shin bone (tibia) from hurting or grinding when they rub against each other. That explains why pain occurs with movement of the joint, when the meniscus is torn, stretched or out of place.
Knee bursitis (sometimes referred to as water on the knee
Inflammation of a bursa which is located near the knee joint. Bursitis is best described as a small fluid-filled sac; this sac creates a cushion that reduces friction and pressure between your bones, tendons and muscles near your joints.
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