Types of Arthritis

Arthritis is a form of joint disorder caused by inflammation in one or more joints. There are over 100 different forms of arthritis. The most common form being osteoarthritis; a result of infection, trauma, or age. Septic arthritis is caused by infection in the joint and is considered a medical emergency.


Osteoarthritis is a type of joint disease that results from breakdown of joint cartilage and underlying bone. Symptoms of osteoarthritis most often develop gradually and include:

 

  • Joint aching and soreness, with movement

  • Joint swelling

  • Stiffness after periods of rest

  • Pain following lengthy periods of inactivity or after overuse.

  • Bony enlargements in the middle and end joints of the fingers, sometimes accompanied by pain

 

Knees and hips are commonly affected by Osteoarthritis. Often times multiple joints on one side of the body will experience more Osteoarthritis than the opposite side. Commonly the problems develop over years. It can affect work and normal daily activities. Unlike other types of arthritis, typically only the joints are affected.
 

Surgery often improves joint alignment, helps joints move more smoothly, and relieves pain. Techniques used for osteoarthritis include:

Arthroscopy
During this procedure, the surgeon makes a very small cut in the affected joint and inserts small surgical instruments; a thin, lighted tube is also used as a visual aid for your surgeon. Through this small cut, the doctor can remove tissue that's been damaged; smooth out the rough edges, and remove loose cartilage. This procedure may improve the level of pain.

Osteotomy
A young and active patient that has hip or knee osteoarthritis may be able to have this joint-preserving surgery. This procedure improves stability and joint alignment, thus delaying joint replacement surgery. The surgeon removes the joint from the ends of the two bones that connect it. Plates, screws or pins are used to hold the bones together. The idea is that, over time, the bones should fuse into one piece, and the joint will no longer flex.

Joint Replacement (Arthroplasty) 
Some people eventually need to replace a worn-out hip or knee joint. If only one part of your joint is affected, a partial knee or hip replacement may be performed instead of totally replacing that joint.

  

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Arthritis